LEMU

 LEMU - The Land and Equity Movement in Uganda

making land work for us all

Making Land work for us all

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Whether you’re working in land rights, in Uganda or elsewhere, or if you have any comments on any of our work, please let us know!

Contact us at:
lemu@utlonline.co.ug

LEMU Documents

Land-in-uganda.org

Policy Documents                   To: Information Documents

LEMU has carried out research studies which have been widely disseminated.

Securing Women's Land Rights in Southern and Eastern Africa Feb 2012
Report on a CPA-UK Lecture, February 2012 involving Simon Levine of LEMU.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

How can women’s land rights be best protected in the National Land Policy? Feb 2009
The situation for women’s rights is quite different for each of the 4 tenure systems:
The rights which women can claim in land are quite different, administrative and legal arrangements for
protecting those rights are different, and women face different threats to achieving fair rights in each case.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

Fighting the wrong battles? Dec 2008

Towards a new paradigm in the struggle for women’s land rights in Uganda.
Gender equality: a liberation struggle or a colonial imposition?
Gender equality vs. Traditional culture.
Women’s land rights in traditional culture.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

Further submission to National Land Policy Dec 2008
These submissions are in response to the National Land Policy working draft 3 of June 2007 and the Public Consultation Document of September 2008.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

Drafting National Land Policy Sep 2008
Despite the existence of constitutional and legal frameworks brought about by the 1995 Constitution and the Land Act 1998 and other land related laws, a number of land-related challenges have emerged over the years, which must now be squarely confronted in order to foster notable economic development and poverty alleviation.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

The Position Paper of LEMU on the National Land Policy - Draft 3 July 2008
A paper presenting specific modifications to paragraphs in plain text, which follow the numbering in the third draft of the National Land Policy.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

Comments to the Ministry of Lands on the research report on HIV Dec. 2008
The report finds problems with the customary tenure which is community based and makes recommendations.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

Mainstreaming Gender and HIV/AIDS Issues into the Draft National Land Policy Sep 2008
This study was commissioned by the Ministry of Lands, Housing and Urban Development.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

A Land Market for Poverty Eradication?
This case study in Apac District examined the hopes and assumptions behind the Government’s policies on supporting the development of a land market to see how they have been working out in practice. The study examined who is buying land, and who is selling - and why? The study revealed that land sales are not helping agricultural development in the District, but are threatening the rights of many to land.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

Land Matters in Displacement
This study took place in the three District of the war-torn Acholiland, in Northern Uganda, where almost the entire rural population has been forced into displacement camps. LEMU examined how land ownership works in Acholiland, looked at the links between land rights and the conflict, and analysed the legal implications of forced displacement in the light of Ugandan law. The study found that there are widespread misconceptions about land ownership in Acholiland which are contributing to land rights violations. The study also looked at how Government and humanitarian agencies are responding to the food security problem – and found that a better understanding of land issues could result in very different interventions.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

Land rights in Uganda:
Where we are and where we need to go? Sep 2005
A review of the situation of land rights in Apac District in Uganda, and of opportunities for land rights protection work, based on the work of LEMU in 2003-4. PDF File (92 Kb)

LEMU has used the understanding gained through empirical research to analyse policy and make recommendations to a variety of actors. This analysis is contained in a series of policy briefs and information packs which continue to be produced. These are aimed at a variety of audiences – some are to help influence Government policy, others are guidance for village or clan institutions.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

Land transactions in land under customary tenure in Teso
Customary land law and vulnerability of land rights in Eastern Uganda
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Policy Brief 1 – Protection and land rights.
The law is supposed to protect a woman’s rights to land. The law is failing, and husbands can ignore their wife's legal rights. Why? And what should be done about it?
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

Policy Brief 2 – Titling of customary land.
The Ugandan Government is convinced that only by giving everyone titles to their land will people have security of tenure, and it is investing everything in pushing this through. However, this policy is based on ignorance about how customary tenure actually works, and about some dangerously false assumptions about what happens when ownership of land moves from one tenure system to another. Violence and conflict have already been the result: this brief looks at less conflictual options to achieve the same goals and ensure that rights are protected.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

Policy Brief 3A – Landlessness.
This brief looks at how married women and children are vulnerable to becoming landless. Should something be done? What can be done?
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .
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Policy Brief 4 – Does customary tenure have a role in modern economic development?
This paper reveals some of the common myths held in Uganda about customary tenure and its ‘backwardness’. The brief argues that customary tenure offers opportunities for economic development which remains untapped by policy makers.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

Policy Brief 5 How can we minimise land conflicts in Teso?
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Policy Discussion Paper 6  Return or Transformation?  Land and the re-settlement of IDP’s in Northern Uganda
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Information Documents

Principles, Practices, Rights and Responsibilities (PPRR) of Customary Land Tenure in ACHOLILAND
Cik me loyo ki kit me tic ki ngom kwaro i Acholi 1 Omaruk 2008
This paper offers a lot of useful guidance to the people, those involved in land management in Acholiland, courts of law, and other stakeholders and can help to reduce the many problems currently faced by people with land rights under customary tenure in Acholiland.
» Download the article as a pdf file. . .

Principles, Practices, Rights and Responsibilities (PPRR) of Customary Land Tenure in TESO region
Iswilia, tice, twero kede epelu me atekerin i epone me gwoko lobo me itok no 1st Omaruk 2009
This paper offers a lot of useful guidance to the people, those involved in land management for Kumam communities in Teso region, courts of law, and other stakeholders and can help to reduce the many problems currently faced by people with land rights under customary tenure in Teso region.
» Download the article as a pdf file. . .

Principles, Practices, Rights and Responsibilities (PPRR) of Customary Land Tenure for the KUMAM communities in TESO
Iswilia, tice, twero kede epelu me atekerin i epone me gwoko lobo me itok no 1 me 2011
This paper offers a lot of useful guidance to the people, those involved in land management for Kumam communities in Teso, courts of law, and other stakeholders and can help to reduce the many problems currently faced by people with land rights under customary tenure for Kumam communities in Teso.
» Download the article as a pdf file. . .             » Download the Cover page for the article as a pdf file . . .

Principles, Practices, Rights and Responsibilities (PPRR) of Customary Land Tenure in LANGO Region
Cik me lobo tekwaro me Lango - nama 1 me mwaka 2009
This paper offers a lot of useful guidance to the people, those involved in land management in Lango, courts of law, and other stakeholders and can help to reduce the many problems currently faced by people with land rights under customary tenure in Lango.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .           » Download the Cover page for the article as a pdf file . . .

Information paper 1 – How is land owned and managed under customary tenure?
This paper explains what ‘ownership’ means in customary tenure and how land is managed – and shows the differences between the concept and institutions of ownership in customary tenure and in freehold.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

Information paper 2 – Land rights or power distortion?
Land ownership is increasingly being personalised, and the family heads are often taking land for themselves when customary law said they were supposed to administer the land for their families. This paper explains how this is happening and what is the impact for women and children.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

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Information paper 3 – How can we minimise conflict?
Boundary disputes are the most common cause of conflicts within the village in Uganda. This paper shows people steps they can take together to help reduce conflicts by fixing land borders in a cheap and simple way.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

Information paper 4 – Is Your Clan Strong?
The clan used to have the role of protecting its vulnerable members, but many clans have weakened and allow people to grab land from widows and orphans. This paper highlights the excuses which land grabbers give and is call to clan leaders to protect women and children according to their own customary laws.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

Information paper 5 – Know the law on Compulsory Acquisition.
Many people are losing their land to development by local authorities simply because neither they, nor the local authorities, know the law on ‘compulsory acquisition’ and on people’s rights to compensation. This simple guide explains the rights of each side.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

Information paper 6 - Know the law on the Consent Clause.
The law protects wives from the family land being sold without their consent. Unfortunately, the law is not applied because neither the women and their husbands, or the local officials, know about the law. This paper is a simple explanation of how the law works, and what each party needs to do if they want to sell land.
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .
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Information paper – Customary rules or excuses of the greedy?
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Information paper – Linking Land Tenure and Agricultural Modernisation: Making PMA relevant for all
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Information paper - What happens if I don’t get any papers? – Advantages and disadvantages of having no papers.
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Information paper –  1. What happens if I don’t get any papers?
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .

 Information paper – 2. What happens if I get a Certificate of Customary Ownership?
» Download the article as a pdf file . . .